During a recent due diligence project in partnership with a local real estate developer, H&H evaluated the environmental risk associated with former dyeing machine manufacturing operations. Manufacturing operations included treatment of metal components in an anti-corrosion solution (referred to as “pickling”) and discharge of associated waste fluids to a surface impoundment. Due to the use of PFAS in certain pickling solutions, H&H identified the potential presence of PFAS as a potential environmental concern. Subsequently, a Phase II ESA was completed to evaluate potential PFAS impacts. Following confirmation of the presence of PFAS in groundwater and discussions with regulatory personnel, H&H facilitated the property transaction by estimating costs for an escrow agreement to assess the extent of PFAS impacts and achieve a risk-based regulatory closure.